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Chad A. Kinney Ph.D.

Director of the Institute of Cannabis Research / Professor (Analytical Chemistry)

Chad A. Kinney Ph.D.
Contact Info
ADM 310C & CHEM 210
Office Hours:
2:00pm - 3:00pm
9:00am - 10:00am


National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellowship at the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Water Quality Laboratory – Methods Research and Development Program
Doctorate in Applied Chemistry from Colorado School of Mines
Bachelor’s in Environmental Chemistry from the University of California at San Diego

Research Interests

Research in the Kinney lab focuses on the presence, fate, and effects of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the environment. This includes terrestrial and aquatic environments as well as biological systems. This area of research routinely requires the development and validation for the extraction and analysis method for PPCPs in a variety of environmental matrices and biologic samples. In addition, we have recently started research on novel extraction methods of phytochemicals.


Carsella, J.S., Mutz, J.*, Zuniga, T.*, Kinney, C.A., 2022. Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products as Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Sewage Sludge and Soils and the Role of Transformation Products in Their Fate and Environmental Impact. In A. Núñex-Delgado and M. Arias-Estévez (Eds.) Emerging Pollutants in Sewage Sludge and Soils. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Vol 114. Springer, Cham.

Olejar, K.J., Hong, M., Lee, S.-Y., Kwon, T.-H., Lee, S.-U., Kinney, C.A., Han, J.-H., Park, S.H. 2022.Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction of Cannabidiolic Acid from Cannabis Biomass. JoVE. doi:10.3791/63076.

Park, S.H., Pauli, C.S., Gostin, E.L.*, Staples, S.K.*, Seifried, D., Kinney, C.A., Vanden Heuvel, B.D. 2022. Effects of short-term environmental stresses on the onset of cannabinoid production in young immature flowers of industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.). Journal of Cannabis Research. 4:1 

Ramos, M.F., Kinney, C.A., Borille, B.T., Ortiz, R.S., Limberger, R.P., Tiecher, T., de Oliveira Comargo, F.A. 2021. Integrative Review on Cannabis sativa L. Origin Traceability. Brazilian Journal of Forensic Science Medical Law and Bioethics. 10(3):459-472.

Olejar, K.J. and Kinney, C.A. 2021. Evaluation of thermos-chemical conversion temperatures of cannabinoid acids in hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) biomass by pressurized liquid extraction. Journal of Cannabis Research. 3:40.

Olejar, K.J., Hatfield, J., Arellano, C.J., Gurau, A.T., Seifried, D., Vanden Heuvel, B., Kinney, C.A., 2021. Thermo-chemical conversion of cannabis biomass and extraction by pressurized liquid extraction for isolation of cannabidiol. Industrial Crops and Plants. 170:113771.

Ramos, M.F., Boston, D., Kinney, C.A., Coblinski, J.A., de Oliveira Comargo, F.A., 2021. Sourcing Cannabis sativa L. by thermogravimetric analysis. Science and Justice. 61:401-409.

Kinney, C.A., Vanden Heuvel, B.D., 2020. Translocation of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) following land application of biosolids. Current Opinion in Environmental Science and Health.14:23-30.

Park, S.H., Staples, S.K.., Gostin, E.L., Smith, J.P., Vigil, J., Seifried, D. Kinney C., Pauli, C.S., Vanden Heuvel, B.D., 2019. Contrasting roles of cannabidiol as an insecticide and rescuing agent for ethanol-induced death in the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta. Scientific Reports. 9:10481-10490.

Richards, N.L., Tomy, G., Langer, H., Pilgrim, K., Godwin, B., Woollett, D.S., Parker,  Kinney, C.A., Nwanguma, F.C. 2018 Using Scat Detection Dogs to Monitor Environmental Contaminants in Sentinel Species and Freshwater Ecosystems. In N.L. Richards (Ed) Using Detection Dogs to Monitor Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Protect Aquatic Resources. Palgrave Macmillan

Carter, L.J. and Kinney, C.A. 2018. Terrestrial Ecotoxicity. In Boxall, A.B.A., Kookana, R.S. (Eds.) Health Care and Environmental Contamination, Volume 11. Elsevier.

Chen, J., Pycke, B.F.G., Brownawell, B.J., Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Halden, R.U. 2017. Occurrence, temporal variation, and estrogenic burden of five parabens in sewage sludge collected across the United States. Science of the Total Environment. 593-594:368-374.

Sherburne, J.J.; Anaya, A.M.; Fernie, K.J.; Forbey, J.S.; Furlong, E.T.; Kolpin, D.W.; Dufty, A.M.; Kinney, C.A.  2016. Occurrence of triclocarban and triclosan in an agro-ecosystem following application of biosolids. Environmental Science and Technology. 50:13206-13214.

Taggart, M.A., Richards, N., Kinney, C.A. 2015. Impacts of Pharmaceuticals on Terrestrial Wildlife. in Hester, R.E., Harrison, R.M. (Eds.) Pharmaceuticals in the Environment. Royal Society of Chemistry

Sviatenko, L., Kinney, C.A., Gorb, L., Hill, F., Bednar, A.J., Okovyty, S., Leszczynski, J. 2014. Comprehensive investigations of kinetics of alkaline hydrolysis of TNT (2,4,6-trinitrotoluene), DNT (2,4-dinitrotoluene) and DNAN (2,4-dinitroanisole). Environmental Science and Technology, 48, 10465-10474.

Pycke, B.F.G., Roll, I.B., Brownawell, B.J., Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Halden, R.U.  2014. Transformation Products and Human Metabolites of Triclocarban and Triclosan in Sewage Sludge Across the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 48, 7881-7890.

Yager, T.B., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Kinney, C.A., Zaugg, S.D., Burkhardt, M.R. 2014. Dissipation of contaminants of emerging concern in biosolids applied to non-irrigated farmland in Eastern Colorado. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 50, 343-357.

Gautam, P., Carsella, J.S., Kinney, C.A. 2014. Presence and transport of the antimicrobials triclosan and triclocarban in a wastewater-dominated stream and freshwater environment. Water Research, 48, 247-256.

Holling, C.S., Bailey, J.L., Vanden Heuvel, B., Kinney, C.A. 2012. Uptake of human pharmaceuticals and personal care products by cabbage (Brassica campestris) from fortified and biosolids-amended soils.  Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 14, 3029-3036.

Kinney, C.A., Campbell, B.R., Thompson, R., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Burkhardt, M.R., Zaugg, S.D., Werner, S.L., Hay, A.G. 2012. Earthworm bioassays and seed germination for monitoring biosolids toxicity, aging and bioaccumulation of anthropogenic waste indicator compounds in biosolids-amended soil. Science of the Total Environment, 433, 507-515.

Brown, T.J. and Kinney, C.A. 2011. Rapid Lab-Scale Microwave-Assisted Extraction and Analysis of Anthropogenic Organic Chemicals in River Sediments. International Journal of Geosciences, 2, 267-273.

Kinney, C.A., Furlong, E.T., Kolpin, D.W., Zaugg, S.D., Burkhardt, M.R., Bossio, J.P., Werner, S.L., 2010 Earthworms: Diagnostic indicators of wastewater derived anthropogenic organic contaminants in terrestrial environments, in: Halden, R.U. (Ed.), Contaminants of Emerging Concern: Ecotoxicological and Human Health Considerations. American Chemical Society Book Series Vol. 1048, Oxford University Press, New York. pp 297-317.

Herklotz, P.A., P. Gurung, B. Vanden Heuvel, C.A. Kinney, 2010. Uptake of Human Pharmaceuticals by Plants Grown Under Hydroponic Conditions. Chemosphere, 78, 1416-1421.

Mandernack, K.W., C.T. Mills, C. Johnson, T. Rahn, C.A. Kinney. 2009. Controls on the δ15N and δ18O values of N2O Produced by Methanotrophic Bacteria. Chemical Geology, 267, 96-107.

Kinney, C. A, E. T. Furlong, D. W. Kolpin, M. R. Burkhardt, S. D. Zaugg, S. L. Werner, J. P. Bossio, M. J. Benotti. 2008. Bioaccumulation of Pharmaceuticals and Other Anthropogenic Waste Indicators in Earthworms from Agricultural Soil Amended With Biosolid or Swine Manure. Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 1863-1870.

Bossio J. P., J. Harry, C. A. Kinney. 2008. Application of Ultrasonic assisted extraction of chemically diverse organic compounds from soils and sediments. Chemosphere, 70, 858-864.

Kinney, C. A, E. T. Furlong, S. D. Zaugg, M. R. Burkhardt, S. L. Werner, J. D. Cahill, G. R. Jorgensen. 2006. Survey of organic wastewater contaminants in biosolids destined for land application. Environmental Science and Technology, 40, 7207-7215.

Kinney, C. A., E. T. Furlong, S. L. Werner, J. D. Cahill. 2006. Presence and distribution of wastewater-derived pharmaceuticals in soil irrigated with reclaimed water. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25(2), 317-326.

Kinney, C. A., K. W. Mandernack, and A. R. Mosier. 2005. Laboratory investigations into the effects of the pesticides mancozeb, chlorothalonil, and prosulfuron on nitrous oxide and nitric oxide production in fertilized soil.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 37, 837-850.

Kinney, C. A., A. R. Mosier, I. Ferrer, E. Furlong, K. W. Mandernack. 2004. The effects of the fungicides mancozeb and chlorothalonil on trace gas fluxes in fertilized Colorado grassland soils. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 109 (D05303), doi: 10.1029/2003JD 0003655.

Kinney, C. A., A. R. Mosier, I. Ferrer, E. Furlong, K. W. Mandernack. 2004. The effects of the herbicides prosulfuron and metolachlor on trace gas fluxes in fertilized Colorado grassland soils. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 109 (D05304), doi: 10.1029/2003JD 0003656.

Mandernack, K. W., C. Kinney, D. Coleman, Y. Huang, K. Freeman, and J Bogner. 2000.  The biogeochemical controls of N2O production and emission in landfill cover soils: the role of methanotrophs in the nitrogen cycle.  Environmental Microbiology, 2(3):  298-309.

Mandernack, K. W., T. Rahn, C. Kinney, and M. Wahlen. 2000.  The biogeochemical controls of the δ15N and δ18O of N2O produced in landfill cover soils.  J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 105:17, 709-717, 720.


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