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Resume Basics

The average employer will spend approximately 20 seconds reviewing your résumé.

20 seconds?! That's right. You have only 20 seconds to make the right impression! The goal of your résumé is to capture the attention and interest of the employer within 20 seconds. Unfortunately, it will take more that 20 seconds for you to create a résumé that can accomplish this goal. Developing a résumé of high quality takes time, effort, and a little know-how. This packet contains the general guidelines and basic information about résumé writing to get you started. You will need to provide the time and effort. Remember, only 20 seconds! Make them count! Make the right impression!
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    Purposes of a Résumé

    Your résumé is a personal marketing tool. It is an essential part of the job-search campaign because it is an important tool used in securing an interview, whether you are searching for a part-time job, internship or co-op, or professional employment. As such, your résumé must attract attention, create interest, and provoke action: an interview.

    A résumé is a written summary of your education, work experience, professional skills, and interests. Your résumé documents your value as a potential employee.

    A résumé is a sample of your ability to organize and express yourself in writing, clearly, concisely, and neatly.

    Your résumé can be an important step in interview preparation because it focuses your attention on your strengths and accomplishments.

    During an interview your résumé can serve as a point of reference. Many interviewers will base their questions on the content of your résumé, so in a sense you can help guide the course of your interviews by preparing a résumé of high quality.

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    Before you Begin...Prepare!

    Know Yourself: Résumé preparation begins with self-analysis. As with all phases of the job search, you need to understand your career goals, strengths, skills, and abilities, and be able to communicate their value to potential employers.

    Evaluate your professional interests and likes and dislikes of past work environments.

    Inventory your past experience, paid or voluntary. Which experiences are relevant to your current job search and what competencies did you develop or strengthen as a result of those experiences?

    Know Your Audience: You should target your résumé to your audience.

    What level or types of positions are you seeking?

    What skills and experiences are necessary for these positions?

    Does your experience match the requirements? If so, you will be able to organize your résumé to "fit" each job you seek.

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    Choosing a Résumé Format

    Choosing the best résumé format depends on your background and the requirements of the jobs for which you want to interview. Choose the format that emphasizes your strengths, skills, and accomplishments. The three most common résumé formats are:

    Chronological: The chronological résumé focuses on time and continuity. It is easy to organize, write, and read, and it is the most commonly used type of résumé. In a chronological résumé:

    Present your most recent job and educational experience first, then trace backwards in time.

    Describe the duties you performed under each listed experience.

    Emphasize your career growth and progression.

    Gaps in employment are readily noticeable. It is not advantageous for people with limited or unrelated employment experience.

    Functional: The functional résumé focuses on professional skills, responsibilities, and accomplishments while it de-emphasizes dates and specific work experiences you have had. The functional résumé is:

    Organized by functional skills that explain general areas of expertise. Under each functional skill is a brief explanation of your accomplishments in that area.

    Tailored to highlight your specific skills that the job requires.

    Good for recent graduates, liberal arts majors, career changers, and people with limited work experience or interrupted careers.

    Combination: The combination résumé incorporates both the chronological and functional formats. The combination résumé:

    Tailors the explanation of your job history to fit the types of jobs for which you are applying.

    Can also show continuity in your job record or history.

    Allows you to organize your background by skills and functions rather than by job title. Most of the combination résumé is functional.

    Lists your job titles and employers in reverse chronological order at the end of the résumé.

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    Ingredients of an Effective Résumé

    WHAT IS ESSENTIAL?

    Identifying Information

    Include your name, address, city, state, ZIP code, and telephone number with area code. If you will be graduating, you should include both a permanent and a current address on your résumé.

    Education

    List, in reverse chronological order, all college, university, and professional school information where you earned a degree or certificate.. You do not need to list your high school. Be certain to include the following information for each institution you attended:

    Degree awarded

    Name of institution, city, and state

    Major, minor, area of concentration/specialization

    Graduation date (month and year)

    Experience

    Include information about part-time, full-time, volunteer, summer, co-op, internship, community, and organization experiences as they relate to the job you are seeking. Be certain to include the following information for each experience:

    Title of position

    Name of employer (company or organization)

    City and state of employer

    Beginning and ending dates of employment (month and year)

    Job-description statements beginning with action verbs (power words)

    Describe your experiences using power words (see list of action verbs) and sentence fragments. Write concise explanations of the duties you performed, emphasizing major responsibilities, accomplishments, and results.

    Quantify your experiences with facts and figures wherever possible. Quantifying helps an employer determine your level of authority, responsibility, and impact on an organization. Remember that this is your opportunity to persuade the employer to interview you!

    WHAT IS OPTIONAL?

    Depending upon your background, you may include the following information in your résumé:

    Career Objective

    The career objective should be a brief, clearly worded statement indicating the level or type of position you are seeking, the type of organization you want to work for, and the skill you want to use in the position.

    If you are looking at a variety of jobs, you may choose to omit the objective and discuss your interests in the cover letter or prepare a separate résumé for each career objective.

    G.P.A.

    Include your cumulative or major G.P.A. only if it is 3.0 or higher. Always indicate the grading scale: for example, "3.9/4.0" means 3.9 on a 4.0 scale.

    College Courses

    Include course work only if it is relevant to the position you are seeking or related to your major.

    Honors/Awards/Scholarships/Fellowships

    Include title and years awarded.

    Licenses/Certificates

    List any you currently hold that are required for the position.

    Publications/Presentations/Research

    Include title, date, and bibliographical information.

    Membership/Activities

    Include community, campus, volunteer, and professional groups. Indicate leadership roles where applicable. Include dates for each position held.

    Skills

    Include such skill areas as computer proficiency, foreign languages, coaching, and others appropriate for the position.

    References

    You may include a statement at the end of your résumé indicating that references are available upon request; however, most employers will make this assumption.

    • If an employer requests a list of references, enclose a separate page entitled "References." Do not include the reference list in the body of your résumé. Include the following information for each reference:
      • Name
      • Position title
      • Employer/organization
      • Business address
      • Telephone number with area code
      • Relationship (if not clear from résumé)
    • Use only professional references from such people as faculty members and past and present supervisors.
    • Get permission in advance from all references, notify them when you use their names, keep them informed of your progress, send them thank you notes, and tell them when you get a job.
    • Send a reference list only when an employer requests one
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    Résumé DO'S/DONT'S

    DO...

    • Make certain your résumé is well spaced and visually attractive.
    • Make your résumé concise. Use only as much space as you need to tell the employer what he or she will need to know in order to make the decision to interview you. If you decide that a second page is necessary, it should be identified with your name.
    • Use action words and sentence fragments to describe your experiences. Quantify your experiences wherever possible.
    • Be consistent in your use of dates, numbers, abbreviations, etc.
    • Check and recheck your résumé for errors; look closely for mistakes in grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
    • Have someone else critique and proofread your résumé.
    • Select quality bond paper for your final copies. Use white, ivory, cream, beige, buff, or light gray paper.
    • Use a letter-quality or laser printer and black type.
    • Fold and mail your résumé in a matching envelope or mail it flat in a 9" x 12" white or manila envelope.

    DON'T...

    • Type "Résumé" above your name.
    • State your reasons for leaving a job.
    • Use abbreviations or contractions.
    • Write lengthy prose.
    • Use multiple fonts, typographic symbols, or other visual elements.
    • Use personal pronouns (I, we, my).
    • Include a photograph.
    • Mention personal data (e.g., height, weight, health, age or date of birth, marital status, race, religion, sex, etc.).
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    ACTION VERBS

    Begin each phrase with one of these power words to describe your experiences. Use short sentence fragments to explain the duties you performed, your major responsibilities, and any accomplishments.

    accelerated 

    accomplished

    achieved

    activated

    adapted

    administered

    advanced to

    advertised

    advised

    analyzed

    approved

    arranged

    assembled

    assisted

    budgeted

    built

    calculated

    changed

    clarified

    collaborated

    collected

    communicated

    compiled

    completed

    composed

    conceived

    conducted

    conferred

    controlled

    converted

    coordinated

    constructed

    consulted

    correlated

    created

    defined

    delegated

    demonstrated

    detailed

    designed

    developed

    devised

    directed

    discovered

    distributed

    doubled

    drafted

    earned

    edited

    educated

    effected*

    eliminated

    engineered

    established

    estimated

    evaluated

    examined

    executed

    expanded

    experienced

    expedited

    explained

    facilitated

    financed

    formed

    formulated

    founded

    generated

    governed

    graduated

    guided

    halved

    headed

    hired

    identified

    illustrated

    implemented

    improved

    increased

    influenced

    informed

    initiated

    innovated

    instituted

    inspired

    installed

    integrated

    interpreted

    interviewed

    invented

    investigated

    justified

    keynoted

    launched

    led

    licensed

    maintained

    managed

    manipulated

    marketed

    mastered

    mediated

    modified

    monitored

    motivated

    negotiated

    obtained

    operated

    ordered

    organized

    originated

    overcame

    participated

    performed

    persuaded

    pioneered

    planned

    prepared

    presented

    presided

    processed

    programmed

    promoted

    proposed

    provided

    publicized

    purchased 

    recommended

    reconciled

    recorded

    recruited

    reduced

    referred

    reinforced

    related

    reorganized

    repaired

    reported

    represented

    researched

    responsible 

    reviewed

    revised

    scheduled

    served

    simplified

    sparked

    sold

    solved

    specified

    stimulated

    strengthened

    structured

    succeeded

    supervised

    surveyed

    synthesized

    taught

    trained

    transformed

    transmitted

    tripled

    unified

    used

    verified

    won

    wrote

    wrought

Thanksgiving Campus Closure

Thanksgiving around the CSU-Pueblo Campus Fountain
Campus will be closed November 23-24 and re-open for normal business hours Monday Nov 27.

Events

Mar 07

11:00 AM to 3:00 PM

There will be a career fair on Wednesday, March 7th from 11am - 3pm, in the Student Recreation Center. All CSU System students are welcome to attend the career fair....

Career Center

Staff

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